In the category of low-down-dirty jobs, a new player has entered the gig economy workforce. New company Civvl launched to nearly universal negative reactions online. The job? Independent gig workers work for landlords and banks to kick delinquent renters out of their homes.
Civvl’s Plan for Freelance Evictions? Acting as a Bad News Middleman
With ads on Craigslist across the U.S. and Canada, Civvl is partnering gig workers with landlords, banks, and property managers who want to evict non-paying tenants. Civvl workers would work as process servers who deliver court documents to people getting evicted or as part of eviction crews who physically move a tenant’s possessions out of the home and onto the curb.
Yes, these jobs have existed before now, but never during a global pandemic where 30% of Americans are out of work and unable to pay their rent.
Wait, I Thought You Couldn’t Do That Right Now?
While there have been halts to evictions due to COVID-19, they are not absolute, and they also do not last forever.
- In March 2020: The CARES Act, passed by Congress and signed into law as the coronavirus spread, temporarily halted evictions during the pandemic. The moratorium expired on July 24 and did not include foreclosures on home mortgages.
- In early September, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) published an order extending the moratorium through the end of 2020.
- However, there are currently lawsuits brought by landlords around the country against the CDC claiming that the agency has no authority to halt evictions as well as suits against municipalities who created their own moratorium extensions.
Roadblocks to Maintaining Housing
In the face of massive unemployment numbers and expenses from long hospital stays, the economy contracted mightily in 2020, a record-setting 32.9% in the second quarter of the year. There’s a real danger of mass homelessness in a time when most of the population is being encouraged to stay in their homes. Annie Nova at CNBC writes that “as many as 40 million Americans could lose their homes during the pandemic, four times the number seen during the Great Recession.”
There are many reasons why you still might see folks getting turned out of their homes:
- Even under the CARES Act, there aren’t actually any penalties for evicting renters. Landlords are able to get away with turning out renters during the pandemic with no financial or legal repercussions.
- There are specific legal steps involved for renters to “prove” COVID-related hardship, such as medical expenses for those who contracted the coronavirus or being out of work as a result of layoffs or loss of employment. Renters who are unable to pay their rents due to the coronavirus must prove that they are unable to do so because of financial issues brought on by the pandemic, and they have to do this through official court documents.
- The municipal courts themselves also have varying guidelines for working with eviction cases. “Courts have inconsistent requirements for requiring landlords to disclose whether their property is covered by an eviction moratorium and that has resulted in an unconscionable number of illegal evictions,” said Shamus Roller, executive director of the National Housing Law Project in a recent CNBC interview. With only 10% of renters arriving to court with legal representation (compared to 90% of landlords), many don’t know all their rights under the CARES Act, or even under existing local housing laws.
So How Did We Get Here?
Sadly, the pairing of a struggling economy with a lack of protections for those seeking shelter but lacking the funds to pay for it is a grim reality in this second half of 2020. As of August, national unemployment numbers were still high, despite dropping slightly. The Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS) reported that the unemployment rate was still at 8.4% and there were still 13.6 million out-of-work Americans.
And as Civvl notes in its own Craigslist ads, “There is plenty of work due to the dismal economy.”
“Tenants have to meet certain requirements…and there are ways around this, so there is still a business for people evicting tenants,” said Scott.
“This [story about Civvl] has made the rounds around the internet and people are appalled by it, but at the same time there’s a lot of people who are out of work, and at some point they’re going to be looking for the work that’s available. It’s a whole series of upsetting market forces,” reported Wood.
Ashwin Rodrigues who broke the Civvl story at Vice talked about the company’s ads seeking applicants.
“Civvl aims to marry the gig economy with the devastation of a pandemic, complete with signature gig startup language like ‘be your own boss,’ and ‘flexible hours,’ and ‘looking for self-motivated individuals with positive attitudes,’ he writes.
The irony, of course, is those looking to gig for Civvl will likely be working-class people who badly need the income, who will be turning out other working-class renters who aren’t able to make their own ends meet.